Different Types of Coffee Beans: Tips to Choosing the Right One

coffee beans

Looking to make caffeine drag you through the day? If you love coffee for the caffeine, you’re sure missing out. Coffee is a lot more than that – it’s all about taste, and the blend. It’s about the flavours you get and your taste buds experiences.

If you’re just going to the supermarket and picking in any coffee, you’re doing it wrong. If you’re picking the coffee only by the brand, you aren’t going right either.

The coffee tastes depend on a lot of things – from its flavour to its origin to of course, the type of the coffee bean.

While you might love your Espresso, and we know it’s easy to make one, have you tried out the different coffee beans yet?

Do you know how to choose the right coffee beans?

Coffee made from coffee beans are actually seeds. They are called ‘beans’ since they closely resemble them and are an important cash crop for many developing nations – it’s what brings many of these nations the much needed foreign exchange earnings.

  • The thickness and taste of your coffee all depend on the coffee beans and the coffee bean type.
  • And you have different types of coffee beans to choose from. Each brings with it its own taste and flavour.

What Are The Different Types of Coffee Beans?

There are primarily two kinds of Coffee Beans:

  1. Arabica
  2. Robusta.

Around 75% to 80% of the coffee produced around the world is Arabica, and the remaining is Robusta.

Some people use a blend of both the beans. The taste of these two beans differs based on the location and the way they are grown.

Arabica: If You Love Half the Caffeine

Gourmet coffee or the superior quality one comes from the Arabica beans. Here is a look at what you should expect from this type of coffee bean.

  • They are generally named after the country or region in which they originate.
  • It is believed to be the first species of coffee that was cultivated and are grown in the southwestern highlands of Ethiopia.
  •  These beans have the perfect blend of flavours and aroma and have half the amount of caffeine that you will find in Robusta.
  •  That’s not all; they have 60% more of lipids and a higher sugar level than Robusta.

However, because of all this, they also tend to be more expensive. Brazil is the largest producer of Arabica in the world.

Robusta: The Coffee From Africa

Robusta is believed to have originated in central and western Africa in the sub-Saharan region. They are of a lower grade compared to Arabica. However, these beans are easier to grow and maintain. Here is a look at some of the features of the Robusta coffee beans.

  • They grow at lower heights, are stronger and can fight diseases.
  • They offer a higher produce making them a more affordable option.
  • Vietnam is where this coffee is grown in the largest amount.
  • They have a stronger flavour, higher level of caffeine less of lipids and half the sugar level of Arabica.

The Other Differences Between The Two

Apart from the differences in their tastes, prices and geographical and climatic conditions, there are a few more differences between the two. Here is a look at a few of them.

  • While Robusta is more circular in shape, Arabica tends to be more oval.
  • The plant height of Arabica is 2.5 to 4.5 meters, whereas the robusta plants have a height of 4.5 to 6 meters.
  • Chlorogenic Acid or CGA is an important antioxidant in coffee and also helps repel insects.
  • The CGA level in Robusta is 7-10%, and it is 5.5-8% in Arabica.

Which One Should You Choose?

A lot depends on the coffee taste that you are looking for.

Although Arabica is synonymous with gourmet coffee and Robusta is considered inferior, that is not always true.

Best Robusta beans can give you coffee that tastes as good, or even better, than a lower level Arabica coffee. However, superior quality of Robusta isn’t always available as it is mixed with others to bring down the costs.

Other Coffee Bean Types That You Can Buy

There are other coffee beans as well, such as the Bengal Coffee, and Liberian coffee. The Sierra Leonian coffee, and the coffea mogeneti, as well as the Congo coffee, are popular too, though they yet do not form a major part of the international exports.

Conclusion Coffee beans come in different sizes and flavours – choose the one you need. Fall in love with coffee- try out everything from medium roasted to fully roasted ones, and every flavour from the ‘fruity’ to the ‘smokey’ ones. Your mornings would never be the same again.

Atikur Atik

Hi, my name is Atikur Atik, a coffee lover. I have created this blog to share everything about coffee.

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